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总结好啦!2021年公民入籍考试最新试题

公民入籍考试实施新政,一夜回到2008年。今天特地为各位找来了最新的公民测试题,希望对各位有帮助,记得点赞哦!

总结好啦!2021年公民入籍考试最新试题

总结好啦!2021年公民入籍考试最新试题

1. 美国的最高法律是什么?What is the supreme law of the land?

宪法the Constitution

2. 修正案是什么?What is an amendment?

(宪法的)更正a change (to the Constitution)、(宪法的)补充an addition (to the Constitution)

3. 宪法的前十项修正案被称什么?What do we call the first ten amendments to the Constitution?

权利法案the Bill of Rights

4. 宪法的可以起到什么作用?What does the Constitution do?

建立政府体制sets up the government、定义政府defines the government、保护美国人的基本权利protects basic rights of Americans

5. 宪法的前3个字表示自治的概念,这三个字是什么?The idea of self-government is in the first three words of the Constitution. What are these words?

我们人民We the People

6. 请列举宪法第一条修正案当中的一项权利或自由。What is one right or freedom from the First Amendment?

言论自由speech、宗教自由religion、集会结社的自由assembly、出版自由press、向政府请愿的自由petition the government

7. 什么可以防止政府的分支变得太过强大?What stops one branch of government from becoming too powerful?

制衡checks and balances、权力分立separation of powers

8. 谁对行政部门负责?Who is in charge of the executive branch?

总统the President

9. 谁可以制定联邦的法律?Who makes federal laws?

国会Congress、参议院及众议院Senate and House (of Representatives)、(美国或国家)立法部门 (U.S. or national) legislature

10. 美国国会由哪两个部分构成?What are the two parts of the U.S. Congress?

参议院以及众议院the Senate and House (of Representatives)

11. 美国有几位参议员?How many U.S. Senators are there?

100位one hundred

12. 选出的美国参议员任职多少年?We elect a U.S. Senator for how many years?

6年six

13. 您所在州的现任一位美国参议员的名字是什么?Who is one of your state’s U.S. Senators now?

答案根据所在州的不同而异。在哥伦比亚特区和美国领土的居住者可以回答:哥伦比亚特区当地(或应试居民所在领地)没有美国参议员。Answers will vary. [District of Columbia residents and residents of U.S. territories should answer that D.C.(or the territory where the applicant lives) has no U.S. Senators.]

14. 宪法有几条修正案?How many amendments does the Constitution have?

▪ 27条twenty-seven

15. 《独立宣言》可以起到什么作用?What did the Declaration of Independence do?

宣布美国(脱离英国而)独立announced our independence (from Great Britain)、宣告美国(脱离英国而)独立declared our independence (from Great Britain)、表示美国(脱离英国而)独立said that the United States is free (from Great Britain)

16. 请列举《独立宣言》中的2项权利。What are two rights in the Declaration of Independence?

生命life、自由 liberty、追求幸福pursuit of happiness

17. 宗教自由是指什么?What is freedom of religion?

你有信仰任何宗教的自由,也有不信仰任何宗教的自由。You can practice any religion, or not practice a religion.

18. 美国的经济制度是什么?What is the economic system in the United States?

资本主义经济capitalist economy、市场经济market economy

19. “法治”是什么?What is the “rule of law”?

人人都应遵守法律Everyone must follow the law、领导人必须遵守法律Leaders must obey the law、政府必须遵守法律Government must obey the law、没有任何人在法律之上No one is above the law.

20. 请列举政府体制的一个分支或者部门。Name one branch or part of the government.

国会Congress、立法部门legislative、总统President、行政部门executive、法院the courts、司法部门judicial

21. 众议院中有投票权的众议员有几位?The House of Representatives has how many voting members?

四百三十五位four hundred thirty-five

22. 选出的美国众议员可以任职多久?We elect a U.S. Representative for how many years?

两年two

23. 美国参议员代表什么人?Name your U.S. Representative.

其所在州的全部人民all people of the state

24. 为什么有部分州的众议员人数比其他的一些州多?Why do some states have more Representatives than other states?

该州的人口 the state’s population、该州有更多人口they have more people

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